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Commissioned and Funded Research

Non-medical research may be commissioned by organisations such as government departments, private companies or charities. The research may be funded by the commissioning organisation, or by a funding agency, or by a combination of these. Alternatively, individual researchers or research teams may apply directly to research funders for support for specific research projects. These may be government funders or charitable funders of research.
This is a complex picture where ethical considerations abound. The resources we have gathered in this part of the Framework are designed to help researchers, commissioners, and funders of non-medical research, whether in the private or the public sector, to operate in an ethical way.


Our framework for research ethics helps you to consider ethics issues during the complete lifecycle of a project and includes information and guidelines on good research conduct and governance.

UCL is committed to ensuring the highest standards of research integrity across all of its activities, which includes the careful consideration of funding opportunities available to staff and students.
UCL’s position on certain funding opportunities is clear, such as not accepting any monies from the tobacco industry. However, there are other types of funding situations that for a number of reasons may not be acceptable in certain circumstances or for particular pieces of research.
UCL’s Research Funding and Ethics Policy was approved in 2014. The Research Funding Ethics Committee decides appropriateness of funding in cases referred to it, through assessing compliance and consistency with the Research Funding Ethics Policy.


ICAC, Independent Commission against corruption

This Toolkit has been prepared by the Crime and Misconduct Commission (CMC) and the Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) in Australia to provide practical assistance for managing conflicts of interest in public sector organisations. The purpose of managing conflicts of interest is to maintain the integrity of official policy and administrative decisions and to support public confidence in government. The principles and methods proposed here can equally be applied to research and advisory organisations.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Service


Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Sector: A TOOLKIT

The ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (OECD) is a forum where the governments of 30 democracies work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to coordinate domestic and international policies. Identifying and resolving conflict-of-interest situations is crucial to good governance and maintaining trust in public institutions. Experience shows that this can be difficult to achieve in daily practice. In response to growing demand in the public sector, these Guidelines and Toolkit provide a set of practical solutions for developing and implementing ways to manage conflicts of interest.