Many research integrity codes and statements developed outside the United States have extended their definition of research misconduct well beyond Fabrication, Falsification and Plagiarism to include other matters such as: undisclosed Duplicate Publication; Misrepresentation of data, interests, qualifications and involvement in Authorship; mismanagement of data; breaches of duties of care including improper conduct in peer review; unethically interfering with other people’s research; poor institutional policies, procedures and practices to foster research integrity; and improper responses to allegations of misconduct, including retaliation against Whistleblowers. This extended range of issues is sometimes termed ‘questionable research practices’ or, more accurately, ‘detrimental’ research practices. Increasingly, the Sanctions associated with Research Misconduct are being sought for matters such as harassment, bullying and discrimination within research teams (See also Bullying; Sexual harassment).