The UK Medical Research Council (1997) used to include ‘facilitating of misconduct by collusion in, or concealment of, such actions by others’ in its definition of scientific misconduct. This is still part of the definition adopted by some UK universities and by institutions in other parts of the world, making researchers responsible for policing the activities of their colleagues. The implications of such intervention will depend on the legal (Transparency International 2013) and institutional protections given to whistleblowers. The value of reporting misconduct will depend on the actions of those to whom wrongdoing is reported (see also Whistleblowers).