The word has a number of meanings. In the research context, it usually refers to arrangements or distributions that are proportional to contribution or desert and, in these senses, fair. An equitable arrangement may also treat individuals equally, where their contributions or deserts are equal, but equity is more often equated with fairness than equality. In research, ordering the list of authors in proportion to the extent or significance of their contribution would be an example of equitable treatment of members of a research team.