Editors have responsibility for running their review processes fairly and reaching publication decisions impartially (see also Due Process). This requires them to declare their own conflicts of interest and manage the conflicts of others. Editorial misconduct may include: failing to use appropriate review processes where necessary, or misrepresenting whether a paper has been reviewed; unfairly favouring their own publications or those of colleagues, students or former students or family; failing to notify the relevant institutions or correct the record once evidence of research misconduct becomes apparent. Editors may also engage in misconduct if they coerce, or allow the coercion, of authors to add citations that reference the editor, the journal or a cartel of other journals; stack editorials with citations to that journal; swap citations within a cartel of journals.