Processes that aim to identify and remove biases that are likely to affect the way that research is formulated, conducted and reported. For researchers, de-biasing involves accepting, detecting, analysing and changing personal biases in their formulation and conduct of research. For participants in research, de-biasing involves detecting, analysing and adopting strategies to minimise the effects of biases in participants that may lead to distortions in recruitment and participation. Such processes are only ever partially successful. Some Cognitive Biases (see above) can themselves act as impediments to debiasing (Kara 2018) (see also Bias)