Bullying is generally defined for research purposes as the frequent, persistent and hostile harassment or intimidation of someone less powerful (Samnani and Singh 2012). However, definitions of bullying can vary between cultures. (Boynton 2017). Bullying is prevalent in workplaces, including educational institutions at all levels (Boynton 2017): almost 95% of employees report some experience of workplace bullying over a five-year period (Fox and Stallworth 2005). People are more likely to be victims of bullying if they have a disability, are from a minority ethnic background, or are LGBTIQ+ (Boynton 2017).Bullying should be distinguished from the clear expression of legitimate and relevant concerns about work performance. Academic Freedom claims can result in any attempt to ensure accountability for time and resources being defined as ‘bullying’.