Granting to participants or others the right to have their name and other identifying details withheld from third parties. Committees or boards that grant ethics approval usually require researchers to maintain participants’ anonymity. However, this is not always ethical in itself. For example, Kristen Perry (2011), who worked with Sudanese refugees in America, found they became upset and angry when she told them she would use pseudonyms for them in her publications. On further investigation, she found that the repressive majority regime in Sudan would force name changes on people from the minority. While anonymity is appropriate in many, if not most, cases, some research participants may have compelling reasons for wanting to be named. These should be recognized and respected.