About prores

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So far prores has created 92 blog entries.

Consent

Agreement to take part in research. This should be based on an understanding of the research project and its aims [see also Informed Consent and Free, Prior and Informed Consent]. In theory consent should be freely given or withheld, as the potential participant prefers. In practice some research, such as national censuses in some

By |2020-05-31T21:18:19+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Cooperation

A connective activity among individuals or groups whose contributions are complementary, where participants are all working to achieve the goal for their own benefit. This might occur, for example, by dividing portions of a research project among contributors for each to complete the assigned portion of the project individually. Those who cooperate remain separately identifiable,

By |2020-05-31T21:16:41+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Corruption

Although corruption is the focus of international policies and strategies for its elimination, such as the UN Convention against Corruption (United Nations 2003) and the European Commission’s (2019) summary of its policy, it is a complex concept and difficult to define with precision. In practice, corruption can take the form of bribery, nepotism or misappropriation.

By |2020-05-31T21:12:41+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Debiasing

Processes that aim to identify and remove biases that are likely to affect the way that research is formulated, conducted and reported. For researchers, de-biasing involves accepting, detecting, analysing and changing personal biases in their formulation and conduct of research. For participants in research, de-biasing involves detecting, analysing and adopting strategies to minimise the effects

By |2020-05-31T12:59:01+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Deceit

The action or practice of wilfully or recklessly concealing or misrepresenting the truth or material facts with an intent to mislead. In research, knowingly concealing facts that are material to the approval of research, especially as to relevant prior research, in seeking research funding or ethics approval or knowingly concealing or misrepresenting relevant risks

By |2020-05-31T12:55:48+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Democracy

A belief in freedom and equality between people or a system of government based on this belief in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves. Democracy can be an important contextual factor for the conduct of research. The 2012 Resolution of the Brazilian National Council on Health links the national constitution to the conduct of research. Researchers have

By |2020-05-31T12:54:03+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Dignity

The intrinsic importance and value that a person has, that warrants respect from other people and for themselves; having a state or quality of being worthy of honour or respect. This short definition reflects the two historical and conceptual origins: the theological idea of inherent human value and the humanist idea of the respect owed to a rational

By |2020-05-31T12:52:30+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Dissemination

The acts and processes of distributing and sharing widely results, outcomes, findings and information gained through research, in order to contribute to knowledge or practice or to serve a public good. This may, but need not necessarily, take the form of Open Access channels, depending upon the nature of the output and the relevant intellectual

By |2020-05-31T12:50:07+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Diversity

The motto of the European Union, “united in diversity” signifies how Europeans from many different cultures, traditions and languages have come together to work for peace and prosperity. It is the leading example of the central sense of the term as the situation resulting from many different types of people being included in a whole. More

By |2020-05-31T12:46:15+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments

Dual use

Research that, based on current understanding, can reasonably be anticipated to provide knowledge, information, products, or technologies that could be used to present a threat to public health and safety, plants, animals, the natural environment, or national security. Although more commonly associated with technological or medical research, the concept has been shown to apply to

By |2020-05-31T12:43:03+03:00May 31st, 2020|Categories: Glossary Posts, Χωρίς κατηγορία|Tags: |0 Comments